Chapter 1: Foundation – Name – Emblem – Headquarters

Section 1: Foundation

In accordance with the requirements of the law No 04-36 on political parties and Dahir No 18-06-1 issued on Muharram 15th, 1427 corresponding to September 14th, 2006 that orders its application,

On the basis of the common will of the citizens who have signed individual declarations for the purpose of establishing a political party,

The Green Left Party was established for an unlimited period and for a non-profit purpose.

Section 2: Name

The Party’s name in Arabic is حزب اليسار الأخضر (HIZB AL YASSAR AL AKHDAR).

In Tamazight: AKABAR UZLMAD AZGZAW.

In French: Partie De La Gauche Verte.

Section 3: Emblem

The emblem of the Party is “Khlala”*. The lower part of the emblem, which has the form of a triangle, is immersed in blue water and an arc-shaped branch extends at its higher part. This emblem can be changed by a decision from the “National Coordination Office”.

Section 4: Headquarters

The national headquarters is situated at: Agdal zenka 16 November, building No 8, house No 2- Rabat.

This headquarters can be changed by a decision from the national Coordination Office.

Chapter 2: Principles – Goals – Means

Section 5: Principles

* A relatively large necklace worn by Amazigh woman. It has the form of a triangle hung in a thin metal bar at the top of which is an arc-shaped form.

With a dynamic dimension, the Moroccan Green left Party draws its orienting principles and its theoretical starting points from:

  • The positive cultural and social values of the socialist thought and the principles of the environmental thought of the Green movements and the supporters of the environmental dimension worldwide,
  • The values of the global Human Rights culture, in all its generations, that guarantees human dignity,
  • Democracy in all its dimensions: geography, development, language, culture, society, economy and politics in addition to the dimensions of sustainable development,
  • The principles of modernism and global and human dimensions of rationalism all of which support democracy, modernity, citizenship and equality,
  • The positive values of the Moroccan civilization in which flow many tributaries including ethnic ones: Mediterranean, African, Arab and Amazigh, and religious ones: Islam and Judaism; the values that respond to modern thought in its universal and human dimensions and consolidate democracy and modernity as being a choice for building the state of law and right in the framework of a harmonious society where prevail freedom, responsibility, social justice, complete rights of citizenship and equality between man and woman.

In addition to principles, the political choices and the bases of the general programmes of the Moroccan Green Left Party are based on fundamental convictions, the most important of which are:

  • The necessity for a new human civilization inside which other civilizations interact and complete one another. A civilization that works for the generation of new universal citizenship based on equal rights and duties among individuals and without any form of discrimination.
  • The necessity for putting an end to wars and all forms of violent acts and defending peace, peaceful solutions, communication, indulgence, and solidarity among peoples of the world.
  • The necessity for social justice which can be achieved through a fair distribution of natural, economic and social wealth at the national and international levels in order to provide the basic human needs, ensure opportunities of social and personal development and security for all citizens and guarantee them the participation in managing their public affairs.
  • The necessity for radical reconsideration of the patterns of the way of exploiting natural resources, technology and scientific research, the pattern of all human interventions in the ecological system, the pattern of the consumption of both individuals and groups in order to keep the ecological system balance, protect environment and the continuation of Man’s well-being and ensure natural resources for future generations.

Section 6: Goals

The green Left Party aims to participate in the struggle for:

  • Building a global system that answers all the interests of nations and peoples vis-à-vis peace, fair distribution of wealth, equal profit from technological, scientific and economic progress and informative communication and establishing democracy in international organizations and institutes,
  • Defending environment and democracy issues and human rights, respecting peoples’ right of self-determination, improving relations of cooperation and solidarity in the framework of mutual respect with Green bodies and movements worldwide and with modernist, socialist and democratic forces that work for the sake of humanity progress and prosperity on the basis of rational and balanced exploitation of natural resources and wealth,
  • Supporting the mediterranean space to serve the complementarity of civilizations, languages and cultures and ensure service for mediterranean peoples’ interests in progress, peace and equal citizenship in all the banks of the Mediterranean,
  • Participating in the consolidation of the constituents of the Maghreb complementarity through seeking to establish and strengthen its communication and material bases to achieve democratic Maghreb unity with its Arabic, Amazigh, mediterranean, African and cultural roots and this shall be the first step towards consolidating the common destiny of Middle Eastern and North African countries.
  • Consolidating national sovereignty, over the whole national territory, and social cohesion against all forms of discrimination among citizens or among regions and communes,
  • Establishing democracy in both society and country in all its dimensions: politics, economy, society, culture, language, region and development. This can be achieved through defending modernity and rationalism in rule and management including modernization of the political system by relying on values of justice, equality and solidarity, respecting human dignity, social equity, security governance, rights of citizens and working for the sake of protecting environment,
  • Spreading and promoting the culture of new citizenship, educating people on the basis the principles of democracy and identifying rights and human freedoms and putting an end to violations,
  • Achieving total equality between woman and man, improving women’s conditions at all levels, facing all forms of discrimination against them and adopting the gender approach in all domains,
  • Eradicating poverty as an extremely important necessity, fighting against inequality in wealth and power that hinders citizens from participating in the local, regional and national management of their affairs,
  • Working for the emergence of independent and socially responsible individual by enabling him/her to access to all information and qualifications necessary for decision making, providing him/her with education, health, lodging and enabling him/her to participate in cultural, economic, social and personal development,
  • Achieving sustainable development that meets the needs of citizens in cultural, social and economic progress,
  • Ensuring natural resources for future generations, preserving ecological balance, fighting against forms of pollution, encouraging the search for alternative energies and conserving water,
  • Caring about issues of immigration and emigrants, fighting against racism, and supporting the demands of emigrants to ensure their rights in homeland and in the hosting country to achieve citizenship in both.

Section 7: Means

To achieve its goals, the Green Left Party relies on:

  • Education, sensitization, training and various individual or group activities and all legitimate means in the practice of democratic freedoms by citizens,
  • Participating in bringing administration close to citizens to enable inhabitants to take suitable decisions and initiatives in issues that concern them in order to foster the spirit of citizenship and encourage benevolence, solidarity and group responsibility,
  • Supporting the participation of the young and woman and educating them through helping them engage in political life and decision making organizations,
  • Unifying efforts of ecologists, democrats, modernists and progressives to serve vital interests of country and citizens, and
  • Ensuring human dignity and the Party’s general aims.

Chapter 3: Regulatory Principles

Section 8: Democracy and Freedom of Initiative

The Part operates on the basis of freedom of initiative in the framework of general orientations set by various organs of the Party. The Party also adopts democracy as a mechanism to manage its affairs and as a basis for relations among members and various organs of the Party.

The Party guarantees women and the young 20% of representation with the prospect of 50% for woman.

Section 9: Organizational Decentralization

The Party adopts regional decentralization in which regional coordination bodies enjoy the power of regional management of the Party’s affairs in accordance with the requirements of the Rules of Procedure.

The organizational structure of the Party is based on region, province, district, cells of neighbourhoods and Douars in accordance with the Rules of Procedures.

Section 10: Movements

Political and social movements can be formed within the Party through democratic interactions therein. These movements have the right to participate in the Party organs in accordance with the requirements of the Rules of Procedure that sets criteria of how to form them and their rights and duties.

Section 11: Partnership and Cooperation

The Party can enter into conventions of partnership or cooperation with political or civil bodies on the basis of programmes whose aims, deadlines and means of implementation are already fixed.

Section 12: Electoral Consultations

The offices of branches and provincials and regional coordination bodies democratically carry out the lists of candidates for elections. After the Federal Council approves these lists the national Coordination Office recommends them in accordance with the laws and conditions stated in the Rules of Procedure.

Section 13: Forming Union with Parties or Organizations or Joining Unions

In accordance with the requirements of the Law of Parties, the Party can become a member in a union of parties or create a union with parties or other organizations, with which it shares the same aims. The Federal Council has the power of taking the decision by a majority of two thirds of its members.

Section 14: Merger with other political body or bodies

The party can merge with one political body or more, with which it shares the same aims, in one party in accordance with the requirements of the fifth Chapter of Law of Parties. The extraordinary congress has the power of taking the decision. In this case the National Coordination Office calls the extraordinary congress at the request of the Federal Council on the basis of Section 18 of this Constitution. This congress takes the decision concerning merger and dissolution procedure with the majority of three quarters of the conferees in accordance with what is stated in Section 29 of this Constitution.

Chapter 4: Membership

Section 15: Becoming a Member

All Moroccan citizens are allowed to apply foe membership in the Party, but they have:

  • To be free from any legal impediments,
  • To accept this Constitution, the Rules of Procedure and declare compliance with their contents,
  • Not to be a member in any other political body, and
  • To express readiness to participate in executing tasks, fulfil financial, moral, and practical obligations towards the Party, participate in instructing and qualifying oneself and the group to improve the Party’s human resources and competences, develop its programmes and make them succeed and expand its influence.

The membership shall be approved by a decision by local bodies of the Party being authorised thereto by the Rules of Procedure. This decision shall also specify the form and procedure of decision taking concerning the applicant’s request and the amount of contributions.

Once Membership is approved, the member has the right to assume any position in the Party’s organs provided that he/she is 23 years old. He/She also has the right to stand as a candidate on behalf of himself/herself during all consultations and can benefit from all the rights guaranteed by the Rules of Procedure and this Constitution.

Section 16: Lost of Membership and Resignation or Dismissal

Membership is lost as a result of death, resignation or dismissal.

Membership is lost because of death or unjustified non-attendance of the Party’s various meetings and activities for two successive years. It is also lost in case of not regularly paying annual subscriptions for two successive years and in case of a decision by the branch office after a notification by a registered mail with receipt-confirmation.

Every member can resign or freeze his/her membership by submitting a written resignation and after the body to which he/she belongs approves his/her resignation. This body approves the resignation after the member has paid his/her subscriptions, fulfilled the rest of his/her obligations towards the Party and returned all the Party’s possessions that were under his/her possession.

Every member can withdraw from the Party temporarily or permanently provided that he/she submits a written request and after an approval from the body to which he/she belongs. In this case the member shall be subject to the same conditions of resignation concerning payment of subscriptions, fulfilment of the rest of obligations and return of the Party’s possessions.

Membership is also lost because of dismissal.

The National Coordination Office has the power of taking the dismissal decision on the basis of a report done by the Search and Investigation Committee; a committee created by a decision of the National Coordination Office or by a decision by the Federal Council.

The dismissal decision can be vetoed before the Arbitration Committee in accordance with the procedure stated in the Rules of Procedure. The judgment of the Arbitration Committee, which has to be justified, can neither be vetoed nor appealed save the case of members of the National Coordination Office or members of the Federal Council. In this case the Congress is the only authorized entity to issue the last decision on dismissal. The Congress shall issue its decision in accordance with conditions and circumstances set by the Rules of Procedure.

Dismissal decision can be issued because of one of the following reasons:

  • Nonobservance, at the national, regional or local level, of the Party’s decisions in accordance with conditions and circumstances set by the Rules of Procedure,
  • Proven involvement in or incitement to one of the following outrageous acts:
  • Violence,
  • Bribery,
  • Fraud,
  • Spreading false claims about individuals, bodies or institutes, and
  • Insults or negative interference in personal life of individuals,
  • Practicing or hiding corruption in national, regional and local elections or in the management of local or general affairs, and
  • Obvious and deliberate violation of the Party’s Constitution or rules of procedure.

Section 17: Procedure of Accountability

The National Coordination Office or the Federal Council can implement the procedure of investigation and search by itself or on the basis of a report or a written complaint submitted by one of the members or one of the bodies concerned.

The disciplinary decision is taken on the basis of the investigation and search committee report taking into account the type of violation in accordance with the Rules of Procedure.

The National Coordination Office has the power of taking accountability decisions or delegating all or some of them to regional coordination bodies, provincial or branch offices in accordance with the procedure stated in the Rules of Procedure.

Regional coordination bodies, provincial or branch offices can freeze membership of a member, who has caused harm to the Party’s reputation or aims, for no more than three (3) months after which the member resumes his membership unless a decision to refer his/her case to the general assembly of the body to which the member belongs is taken. If the case is referred to the General Assembly membership can be frozen till a decision is taken by ordinary or extraordinary general assembly.

The general assembly can take on of the following disciplinary decisions:

  • Warning the member,
  • Compensation
  • Discharging from, and
  • Freezing membership for no more than a year.

Temporary or permanent freeze of practice of some responsibilities, dismissal or resort to jurisdiction is among the powers of the National Coordination Office.

Any member, who has been subject to accountability procedure, is allowed to challenge it before Arbitration Committee.

Accountability Procedure can be resorted in one of the following cases:

  • Nonobservance, at the national, regional or local level, of the Party’s decisions in accordance with conditions and circumstances set by the Rules of Procedure,
  • Proven involvement in or incitement to one of the following outrageous acts:
  • Violence,
  • Bribery,
  • Fraud,
  • Spreading false claims about individuals, bodies or institutes,
  • Insults or negative interference in personal life of individuals,
  • Practicing or hiding corruption in national, regional and local elections or in the management of local or general affairs,
  • Obvious and deliberate violation of the Party’s Constitution or rules of procedure,
  • Non-fulfilment of tasks the member has committed to fulfil, and
  • Failure to pay subscriptions set by the Party’s bodies.

Members of the Federal Council and the National Coordination Office are subject to the same Accountability Procedure of which is responsible the Federal Council save dismissal of members of the Federal Council and the National Coordination Office of which is responsible the National Congress.

Chapter 5: Regulatory Structure

Section 18: National Conference

The National Congress shall be held periodically once every four years, that can be prolonged for no more than a year, by a decision by the Federal Council. The National Congress consists of the Federal Council and delegates whose delegation procedure is set by the Rules of Procedure.

Among the tasks of the National Congress electing the Federal Council and giving the last decision about various reports submitted to it; all this shall be carried out in accordance with the procedure set by rules of procedure.

If, by any reason, the National Congress’s works shall not be completed, the presidency of the National Congress may, with conferees consensus, postpone, for no more than six (6) months, the completion of the said works till a second session. During this period the Party’s affairs shall be managed by the same national organs whose mandate is over.

Section 19: Extraordinary Congress

The National Congress can be held in an extraordinary session by a request from the majority of two thirds (2/3) of members of the Federal Council. Members and agenda of the Extraordinary Congress shall be in accordance with the procedure set by the Rules of Procedure.

Section 20: Federal Council

The Federal Council members are elected by the National Congress by secret individual ballot or on the basis of relative list in case where Movements exist in accordance with a procedure the Rules of Procedure shall set.

For the implementation of the Party’s decentralization, region representatives are delegated in the Federal Council and the National Congress accredits them in accordance with the procedure stated in the Rules of Procedure. The Rules of Procedure set the process of delegating representatives of communal councils, chambers and parliament to become members in the Federal Council.

The Federal Council shall be held periodically twice a year. The meeting shall be legal with the attendance of the majority of members. In case where the quorum is not achieved the meeting shall be postponed for no more than a (1) month. The meeting is legal if, at east, the third (1/3) attends it or it shall be postponed for ten days in maximum and it shall be then legal with any attendance.

The Federal Council can hold extraordinary sessions whenever necessary by a request by the National Coordination Office or by the majority of its members.

The Federal Council has the power of authenticating the Rules of Procedure, implementing the decisions and orientations of the Party, putting and executing programmes and supervising and evaluating the performance of the Party’s organs.

Section 21: National Coordination Office

The National Coordination Office consists of at least fifteen (15) members and it is responsible for administrative, financial, organizational and political management of the Party. It is elected by the Federal Council in accordance with a procedure set by the Rules of Procedure.

The National Coordination Office holds its meeting, with the attendance of the majority, once every fifteen (15) days. In case where the quorum is not achieved the meeting shall be postponed for no more than a (1) week and, therefore, the meeting shall be legal and its decisions shall be binding. The National Coordination Office can hold extraordinary sessions by consensus of the majority of its members.

The National Coordination Office is the representative of the Party before public authorities and in relations with civil and political bodies.

The National Coordination Office distributes tasks among its members as follows:

  1. General Party Coordinator; charged with coordinating the work of the National Coordination Office and the various works of the Party. He/She is the legal and political representative of the Party. He/She signs the cheques together with the Director of Finance. He/She can delegate some of his/her tasks to members of the National Coordination Office.
  2. National coordinator in charge of political affairs. He/She is the first deputy of the general coordinator.
  3. National coordinator in charge of regulatory affairs, training and organizational qualification. He/She is the second deputy of the general coordinator.
  4. National coordinator in charge of Information and Communication.
  5. National coordination in charge of social affaire.
  6. National coordinator in charge of cultural affairs.
  7. National coordinator in charge of sports affairs.
  8. Director of administrative and legal affairs and registration.
  9. Director of financial affairs and accountability.
  10. Director of cooperation and partnership and contractual programmes.
  11. Director of educational, scientific and intellectual affairs.
  12. Consultants and deputies of coordinators and directors.

Section 22: Arbitration Committee

The National Congress elects the Arbitration Committee members from the Party’s members who are unanimously approved provided that they are not among members of the National Coordination Office or the Federal Council.

The Arbitrary Committee consists of, at least, five (5) members. It deals with individual or group disputes on the basis of the Constitution and the Rules of Procedure. It issues written decisions by the whole majority.

Section 23: Financial Supervision Committee

The Financial Supervision Committee is elected by the National Congress and is consist of, at least, three (3) members provided that they are not among members of the National Coordination Office or the Federal Council. Due to the Financial Affairs Director’s job, The National Coordination Office appoints him/her as a consultant member in the Body.

The Financial Supervision Committee carries out financial supervision of all organs of the Party, whenever the National Coordination Office or the Federal Council requests that. The Financial Supervision Committee also prepares an annual report, accredits the financial report prepared for the National Congress after it has been submitted to a recognized office of accounting.

Section 24: Regional Congresses

The Party adopts the official administrative division adopted in the kingdom for localizing regions. Regional Congresses are held on the basis of end in the form of national congresses in accordance with the requirements of the Rules of procedure.

Section 25: Regional Council

The Regional Council is elected from the Regional Congress in accordance with the procedure of the Rules of Procedure. It holds its meeting periodically, at least, three (3) times a year. It carries out the general orientations of the Party and the decisions of its National Congress, implements decisions and orientations of the Regional Congress by setting plans and programmes for that aim and supervises and evaluates the performance of the Party’s organs at the regional level in accordance with the requirements of the Rules of Procedure.

Section 26: Regional Coordination Body

The Regional Coordination Body is elected in accordance with the procedure of the Rules of Procedure. It holds its meetings periodically, at least, once a (1) month. It has broad political and organizational powers by written delegation from the National Coordination Office in accordance with the requirement of the Rules of Procedure.

Section 27: Provincial and Local Organizations

In its lower organizations, the Party relies on local branches, committees and cells and provincial branches whose establishment ways and conditions and powers are set by the Rules of Procedure.

Chapter 6: Party’s Finance

Section 28: Finance

The Party gets its finances from all legal resources such as:

  • Public support,
  • Subscriptions of members,
  • Financial contributions in accordance with the laws in force,
  • Revenues of the Party’s investments,
  • Revenues of the publications, newspapers, books and cultural activities.

The Party’s finance, at both levels gain and spend, are subject to a financial charter set by the Rules of Procedure. The Federal Council names a financial committee led by the Financial Affairs Director as being a delegated by the National Coordination Office. The Rules of Procedure sets the conditions and circumstances of this committee and the procedure according to which it works.

  • Monitors financial resources of the Party in the framework of its aims.
  • Signs all financial and bank documents and cheques by a dual signature. The Party’s finance is subject to accountability supervision by an approved expert accountant.
  • All Party’s organs, similar to this one, shall be the subject of the same requirements of the dual signature.

Chapter 7: General Requirements

Section 29: Change of the Law

The requirements of the Constitution shall not be changed save in the National Congress.

Section 30: Dissolution of the Party

An auto-dissolution decision of the Party shall not be issued save in an extraordinary congress held to debate this subject provided that three quarters (3/4) of the conferees authenticate it. The extraordinary congress shall be held after carrying out a report about dissolution by a committee that consists of members from the National Coordination Office, Arbitration Committee and the Financial Supervision Committee. After authenticating the dissolution in accordance with the requirements of this Section conditions and ways of transfer of the Party’s money and possessions to another body that has the same aims in accordance with the requirements of the Rules of Procedure.

Section 31: Authentication of the Constitution

This Constitution enters into force after authenticating it in the Constituent Congress whose date and place are set by the National Preparatory Committee in accordance with the requirements of the Law of Parties.

Chapter 8: Transitional Requirements

Section 32: The Constituent Congress

The National Preparatory Committee fixes the date and conditions of holding the Constituent Congress in a clear procedure in accordance with the Law of Parties.

Moroccan Green Left Party

National Preparatory Committee.

November 09th, 2008. Rabat.